|Known by various names--the European War, The Great War, the First World War, the "War to End All Wars"--World War I began July 28, 1914. The United States sent troops overseas after Congress declared war on April 6, 1917. What made this war different from other wars of the 20th century? What were the legacies of "the Great War"? Explore library and Internet resources to learn more about the “War to End All Wars.”
James, Pearl. "Propaganda Posters: World War I." Encyclopedia of War and American Society. Ed. Peter Karsten. Vol. 2. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Reference, 2005. 665-668. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
"Over There: American Soldiers in World War I." American Decades. Ed. Judith S. Baughman, et al. Vol. 2: 1910-1919. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
Douglas Newton, in the Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History, describes World War I as a “great climax of the age of competitive imperialism. The deepest causes of the war lay in competition between the major European powers for control over territories newly occupied by Europeans during the late nineteenth century, especially in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific."
Mahan, Jeffery Othele. "World War I (Black Participation in)." Encyclopedia of African American History. Ed. Leslie M. Alexander and Walter C. Rucker. Vol. 3. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2010. 1110-1112. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
Young, Ronald. "Latinos, World War I and World War II." Americans at War. Ed. John P. Resch. Vol. 3: 1901-1945. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. 94-96. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
"Nurses in World War I." American Decades. Ed. Judith S. Baughman, et al. Vol. 2: 1910-1919. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
Grieb, Kenneth J. "World War I." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. Ed. Jay Kinsbruner and Erick D. Langer. 2nd ed. Vol. 6. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. 465-466. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
"World War I." Schirmer Encyclopedia of Film. Ed. Barry Keith Grant. Vol. 4. New York: Schirmer Reference, 2007. 375-383. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
Mendoza, Alex. "'I Know No Other Country': Tejanos and the American Wars of the Twentieth Century, 1917-1972." Military History of the West 41.(2011): 31. Texas Reference Center.
A Reading List of BOOKS from ACC Library Collections is available for review.
"The Big Picture: The Army's First." Films On Demand. Films Media Group, 2008.
"World War I: The War in Europe." Films On Demand. Films Media Group, 2003.
"World War I: On the Home Front." Films On Demand. Films Media Group, 2003.
SIGHT AND SOUND
World War I Color Photos
Although color photography was around prior to 1903, the Lumière brothers, Auguste and Louis, patented the process in 1903 and developed the first color film in 1907. The French army was the primary source of color photos during the course of World War One.
The Library of Congress Prints & Photograph Division, Prints & Photographs Reading Room “has more than 76,000 images relating to World War I American, Australian, Austrian, British, Canadian, French, German, Italian, and other posters supporting the war effort.
Flickr: The U.S. National Archive, World War I
Selected World War I Draft Registration Cards: Famous, Infamous, and Interesting in the National Archives at Atlanta
Click a name to see the draft cards for famous men. You can view the draft cards of Louis Armstrong, Al Capone, James Cagney, Norman Rockwell, Alvin York, and others.
Songs of World War I – AllMusic.com
The Library of Congress Virtual Services Digital Reference Collection provides “A Guide to World War I Materials” which not only links to a wide variety of materials in the Library of Congress digital collections and exhibitions, but also lists external websites.
The Great War and the Shaping of the Twentieth Century. The PBS site includes dramatized audio, maps, and archival video.
World War One. The British Broadcasting Company’s summary of WWI.
National Archives World War I Centenary (United Kingdom).
Canada and the First World War.
Soldiers of the First World War: 1914-1918. Library and Archives Canada.
The National World War I Museum is at Liberty Memorial in Kansas City, Missouri. The memorial had a site dedication November 1, 1921, and was completed and dedicated on November 11, 1926. Liberty Memorial is a National Historic Landmark, registered with the National Park Service National Register of Historic Places.
Veterans Day, also known as Remembrance Day, Poppy Day, or Armistice Day in Commonwealth countries, recalls the end of the hostilities of World War I on November 11, 1918. Although the date was originally set aside to honor veterans of WWI, it has since been designated a day to honor America's veterans of all wars "for their patriotism, love of country and willingness to serve and sacrifice for the common good." U.S. Department of Veteran's Affairs.
The La Verne Noyes Foundation Scholarship
In 1918, La Verne Noyes, founder of Aermotor Windmill Company, "donated two and a half million dollars to establish scholarships at many colleges and universities for veterans of World War I. These scholarships are still available today" (Aermotor Windmills website).
The La Verne Noyes Foundation Scholarship is a renewable scholarship, awarded to a limited number of qualified students who are blood descendants of individuals who rendered service in World War I between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918 and whose service was terminated by death or honorable discharge. Blood descent does not result in an automatic award. Financial need is used to distinguish among applicants.
“In Flander’s Field” by John McCrae, May 1915
There are many locations for this poem. The one at The Great War, 1914-1918 discusses the inspiration for the poem by Major John McCrae, Canadian military doctor and artillery commander.
The video uploaded by Adam Paylor on October 20, 2008 includes a reading of Dr. McCrae's "In Flander's Field" and an excerpt from the poem "For the Fallen" by Laurence Binyon.