Sunday, October 28, 2018

The Case of the Mysterious Painting: A JSTOR Detective Story


File:Van Eyck - Arnolfini Portrait.jpg
Portrait by Jan Van Eyck, 1434  (Wikimedia Commons)
This painting by the Dutch master Jan Van Eyck, much admired for its beauty and display of artistic skill, is at the same time mysterious and intriguing. At first glance it looks like a serious, solemn occasion. But look! There's a dog at the couple's feet, and the man is standing without any shoes on! And why is there only one candle in the chandelier, and why is that one candle lit when, in fact, plenty of daylight is coming in through the window?

In a famous article published in 1934, and now in JSTOR, an online repository of scholarly research, Erwin Panofsky drew upon the medieval symbolism of these and other "clues" in the painting to argue that this was a wedding ceremony between Giovanni Arnolfini and his wife, Jeanne de Cenami (117, 126).

Panofsky asserted, for example, that the single candle burning in the chandelier represented a "marriage candle" used in various ways at the time when a couple was getting married. He pointed to the dog as indicating faithfulness between a husband and wife. And Panofsky claimed that Giovanni's sandals alluded to "terra sancta," sacred ground, further supporting his wedding thesis (126).

For decades art historians admired "Panofsky's classic text" as "interpretive truth" and "reconstructed fact" (Seidel, 57). Indeed, the painting has often been titled The Arnolfini Wedding. But especially recently, some art historians are reaching different conclusions about this masterpiece. In another article that can be found in the JSTOR database, for example, Herman Colenbrander contends that Van Eyck was actually depicting a “Morgensprache,” in which the husband gave gifts to his bride the morning after their marriage (422).

How about this theory: The painting is a record of a secret loan, the bride's dowry, no less, sneakily made to skirt around the usury laws of the time! In yet another article in JSTOR, Linda Seidel proffers the painting as proof that the bride's family could use to reclaim such a loan (71-72). Seidel alleges, for example, that Jan Van Eyck served as a "notary," as evidenced by the mirror in the painting's background, which she sees as symbolizing the "seal" of a notary on a document (69-70). As a cloth merchant, Giovanni Arnolfini could use this loan to fund his business (72).

Why should we care how this portrait is interpreted? Because it gives us an example of an
immensely important undertaking for all of us--discerning truth. Throughout our lives we need to continuously examine and question both the truth claims of others and ourselves. The JSTOR database contains countless works by scholars who are in dialog with one another to uncover the best ways to interpret aspects of our world, be they causes of social ailments, themes in literary works, or, as we have seen, the meanings of visual art works.

This semester your more immediate concern may be finding scholarly sources for your paper or project, and JSTOR is a great place to look! JSTOR indexes thousands of scholarly publications, especially in the humanities, social sciences, and life sciences. JSTOR also provides millions of pages of full-text, including primary source documents and books as well as journal articles, some written well over a century ago.*


Searching JSTOR:

From the library home page at library.austincc.edu, find the FOR STUDENTS menu on the left.  There, click on A-Z List of Databases.

1.  At the alphabetical sequence near the top of the page, click on the J.
2.  Click on the JSTOR link. (If off campus, you will then need to log in.)
3.  Below the search box that appears, click on the Advanced Search link.

4.  Enter search terms in the search boxes that appear.
5.  From the drop down menu to the right of each search box, select the field in which each search term will be searched.
6.  To add search boxes, click on the Add a search box button below the last search box.
7.  Narrow by item types, such as articles, by clicking on the appropriate check boxes.
8.  Narrowing the search further by date, language, etc. is usually unnecessary.  When you are ready to execute your search, click on the Search button.

For more information on searching JSTOR, please feel free to consult with an ACC librarian. JSTOR also offers excellent guidance. JSTOR's tutorials include basic and advanced searching techniques, sorting and reviewing search results, and using JSTOR on a mobile device. Have fun exploring the wealth of scholarly resources JSTOR offers!



 
Works Cited

Colenbrander, Herman Th. “‘In Promises Anyone Can Be Rich!" Jan Van Eyck's Arnolfini

     Double Portrait: A ‘Morgengave.’” Zeitschrift Für Kunstgeschichte, vol. 68, no. 3,

     2005, pp. 413–424. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/20474305.

Panofsky, Erwin. “Jan Van Eyck's Arnolfini Portrait.” The Burlington Magazine for

     Connoisseurs, vol. 64, no. 372, 1934, pp. 117–127. JSTOR, JSTOR,

     www.jstor.org/stable/865802.

Seidel, Linda. “‘Jan Van Eyck's Arnolfini Portrait’: Business as Usual?” Critical Inquiry,

     vol. 16, no. 1, 1989, pp. 55–86. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1343626.


Note:
* Full-text coverage in JSTOR varies from publication to publication.  For most periodicals, an embargo on the most recent five years of articles is in effect. That is, JSTOR often indexes a periodical up to the present without providing full-text to the periodical’s most recent five years of articles. For more recent articles, you may wish to search some of the other great databases that ACC's libraries provide.

Sunday, October 14, 2018

National Veterinary Technician Week, October 14-20


The National Association of Veterinary Technicians in America has declared October 14-20th National Veterinary Technician Week! So show some love to our amazing Veterinary Technician students and the Vet Tech Faculty and Staff!

View this image and more at ACC's Flickr Photostream.

What is a Veterinary Technician? This occupation, that is projected to grow by 20% in the next ten years, consists of performing medical tests and assisting in the diagnosing of injuries and illnesses in animals. Learn more about the local economy from the ACC Health Sciences webpage.
Successful graduates have gone on to work in veterinary clinics, hospitals, research facilities, and private practices.

Interested in pursuing an Associate of Applied Science in Veterinary Technology degree? Check out the degree plan to see how you can get started and what lies ahead. Learn more about ACC's Vet Tech program on their homepage.

Vet Tech library materials are housed at the Elgin campus. Check out the latest titles and more on our Vet Tech Research Guide. While you're at it, relieve some stress along the way through a Guided Meditation.

Monday, October 1, 2018

Voter Registration & Election Info

Voter Registration & Election Info

Election 2018

On November 6th, Americans will have the opportunity to exercise the most important responsibility we have in a democracy – our right to vote. Please take some time to review the resources and information listed below. And get out there and VOTE!

Registering to Vote:

You must register before you can vote. The last day to register to vote for the 2018 Congressional Election is October 9th. You can register in person or by mail. VoteTexas.gov has information on registering to vote in your county. You can check to see if you are already registered on the Am I Registered? Website.

Early Voting:

Early voting in Texas will be held from October 22nd to November 2nd. All registered Texas voters can vote early in person. Bring an acceptable form of photo ID. You can find your early voting locations using the Am I Registered? Website.

Election Day:

Polls are open from 7am to 7pm on November 6th, Election Day. Bring an acceptable form of photo ID. You can find your poll location using the Am I Registered? Website.

What's on the Ballot?:

You can find out what will be on the ballot at VoteTexas.gov. The League of Women's Voters also publishes a non-partisan voters' guide for the counties around Austin.

More Information:

For more information on elections and voting, check out the library's Government Subject Guide. The library also has books on U.S. Congressional Elections, Political Campaigns, and Political Culture.